Core Curriculum

Reading & Writing
Expand Content
Course Description

Using a Balanced Literacy methodology for reading and writing, also known as Readers’ and Writers’ Workshop, our Lower School students experience student-centered, differentiated literacy instruction daily as we aim to produce proficient, enthusiastic, lifelong readers and writers.

Our faculty train at Teachers College through Columbia University and we follow the curriculum units of study, along with grade-level expectations and standards. We delight as students immerse themselves in “just-right” books and write stories from the heart of their own experiences and noticings.

We launch each workshop with a mini-lesson on reading strategies or the writing process with the majority of the time devoted to independent reading and writing, small groups, and conferring sessions led by two full-time teachers in every K-5 classroom.

Expand Content
Reading Units of Study

Kindergarten

• We are readers: launching the Reader’s Workshop
• Emergent reading: looking closely at familiar texts
• Super powers: reading with print strategies and sight word power
• Bigger books, bigger reading muscles: thinking and talking more deeply about books
• Growing expertise in little books: reading for information
• Readers are resourceful: tackling hard words and tricky parts in books

First Grade

• Building good reading habits
• Word detectives use all they know to solve words
• Learning about the world: reading nonfiction
• Readers get to know characters by performing their books: fairy tale plays
• Readers have big jobs to do: fluency, phonics, and comprehension
• Meeting characters and other story elements
• Reading nonfiction cover to cover

Second Grade

• Second-grade reading growth spurt: comprehension strategies
• Studying characters and their stories
• Becoming experts: reading nonfiction
• Bigger books mean amping up reading power: fluency and figurative language
• Series and book clubs and author’s craft

Third Grade

• Building a reading life as an upper elementary school reader
• Reading to learn: grasping main ideas and text structures
• Character studies and making predictions
• Research Clubs: learning to learn
• Mystery: foundational skills in disguise

Fourth Grade

• Launching the Reader’s Workshop: the reader’s notebook
• Interpreting characters: the heart of the story
• Author study: reading like a fan
• Purposeful reading of nonfiction texts
• Reading history: the American Revolution
• Social issues book clubs

Fifth Grade

• Habits of a fifth-grade reader: reading with power
• Interpretation book clubs: analyzing themes
• Learning through reading: structures of nonfiction
• Tackling complexity: moving up levels of nonfiction
• Historical fiction book clubs
• Reading Shakespeare and performing his work

Expand Content
Features & Outcomes

Features:

• Workshop approach with mini-lessons on reading strategies and the writing process and independent reading and writing time
• Attention to accuracy, fluency, comprehension and conventions used by successful readers and writers
• Instruction in strategies to build and maintain an independent reading and writing life
• Attention to metacognitive thinking skills, speaking and listening skills
• Time for students to present their work and reflect on feedback from their classmates who, in turn, learn to listen attentively and ask productive questions

Outcomes:

• Increased reading and writing appetite, stamina, fluency and comprehension
• Thoughtful self-selection of reading material from a variety of literary genres, allowing voice and choice for each individual student
• Fluency in writing for varied purposes and audiences

Expand Content
Writing Units of Study

Kindergarten

• Launching the Writer's Workshop
• Show and tell: from labels to patterned text
• Writing for readers: true stories and writing readable words
• How-to books: writing to teach others
• Persuasive writing of all kinds: using words to make a change
• Poetry: sharing our poems with others
• All-about books
• Crafting narrative stories

First Grade

• Small moments:  writing with focus, detail and dialogue
• How-to books
• Nonfiction chapter books
• Fairy tales
• Writing reviews and persuasive letters
• From scenes to series: writing fiction
• Writing content-area informational books

Second Grade

• Lessons from the masters: launching with small moments
• Writing about reading: crafting persuasive arguments
• Research and information writing
• Poetry: big thoughts in small packages
• Realistic Fiction

Third Grade

• Crafting true stories: personal narrative
• The art of information writing
• Literary essay
• Changing the world: persuasive speeches, petitions, and editorials
• Once upon a time: adapting and writing fairy tales

Fourth Grade

• Launching the Writer’s Workshop: personal narrative
• The arc of story: writing realistic fiction
• The literary essay: writing about fiction
• Bringing history to life: writing a biography
• Poetry
• Boxes and bullets:  personal and persuasive essays

Fifth Grade

• Launch the writerly life: writer's notebooks with rigor
• Informational nonfiction
• Narrative craft and memoir
• Research news articles
• Shakespearean sonnets

Mathematics
Expand Content
Course Description

Trinity develops mathematicians in grades kindergarten through five using a constructivist curriculum, Investigations in Number, Data, and Space. This curriculum evolved from research on how children best come to understand and learn mathematics. Based on standards developed by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics and the Common Core State Standards for math, instruction is focused on mathematical reasoning while building strong computation skills.

The lower school also utilizes Mentoring Mathematical Minds, a curriculum that supports the needs of high-ability students at each grade level.

Expand Content
Features & Outcomes

Features:

• Daily 60-minute sessions featuring differentiated instruction in a whole class, small group or individual format
• In-depth coverage of topics with concepts that build upon each other and across grade levels
• Substantive work in important strands of mathematics – rational numbers, geometry, measurement, data, and algebra –
• End-of-grade benchmarks for basic number combinations and computation
• Classroom extension and reinforcement activities, including games, challenging problem-solving, and online fluency practice
• Ongoing practice and assessment to monitor student growth and understanding
• Problems presented in a real-world context that help children make relevant connections to their own lives
• Emphasis on mathematical discourse by teaching and utilizing using discussion strategies that set a tone for rich classroom communication
• Digital tools that supplement the text and support and inform students, teachers and parents

Outcomes:

• Mathematical thinking and reasoning: students are able to make sense of math as they develop a deep understanding of core mathematical competencies
• Computational fluency
• Ability to use mathematics in a variety of real world settings, such as using statistics to analyze survey data

Expand Content
Kindergarten

• Number names, numerals, quantities
• Counting up to 100, by 1s, 2s, and 10s
• Fluency with basic number combinations within 5 and 10
• Measurement: comparison of length and weight
• 2-D geometry
• Addition and subtraction story problems and notation
• 3-D geometry
• Data: sorting by attributes, taking surveys
• Place value and composition of teen numbers

Expand Content
Gr. 1

• Number composition and place value with two-digit numbers
• Counting and comparing quantities
• Fluency with basic number combinations within 10
• Addition and subtraction with multiples of 10 and within 100
• Strategies for addition and subtraction story problems
• Linear measurement, time, fractions as part of a whole
• Collecting, recording, representing, describing, and comparing data
• 2-D geometry: triangles and quadrilaterals
• 3-D geometry: attributes, composition of shapes, relationship with 2-D shapes

Expand Content
Gr. 2

• Place value, composition and decomposition of 3-digit numbers
• Fluency with basic number combinations within 20
• Addition and subtraction strategies and fluency within 100 and 1,000
• Foundations of multiplication
• Halves, fourths, and thirds as equal parts of a whole
• Money, combinations to make $1.00
• Telling time to the nearest five minutes
• Measurement of length with standard and nonstandard units
• Data: sorting and classifying data through graphs, diagrams, towers, and line plots
• Attributes of 2-D and 3-D shapes
• Algebraic concepts of expressions, equations and the equal sign

Expand Content
Gr. 3

• Introduction to factors and multiples
• The properties of and inverse relationship between multiplication and division
• Understanding and modeling multiplication
• Fluency with multiplication combinations up to 10x10
• Division combinations
• Strategies for multiplication and division problems with remainders
• Place value and the number system to 1,000
• Addition and subtraction strategies for and fluency with 2-digit and 3-digit numbers
• Modeling fractions and fraction relationships, comparison and equivalent fractions
• Measurement and units of length
• Data: categorical and numerical data using bar graphs, pictographs, and line plots
• 2-D geometry: perimeter, area, and attributes of triangles and quadrilaterals

Expand Content
Gr. 4

• Arrays and multiplicative comparison problems
• Relationships of factors, multiples, and prime numbers within 100
• Strategies for larger multiplication and division problems
• Fluency with multiplication combinations up to 12x12, and associated division combinations
• Place value and base-10 number system up to 1,000,000
• Fluency in addition and subtraction of multidigit numbers, including use of US algorithms
• Meaning, representation, and comparison of fractions and decimals
• Addition, subtraction, and multiplication of fractions
• Data: Line plots, gathering, representing, and analyzing data through in research
• 2-D geometry: measurement and classification of angles, symmetry, area and perimeter
• Algebraic reasoning: generating and analyzing patterns, symbolic notation for additive and multiplicative situations

Expand Content
Gr. 5

• Fluency in multiplication and division of large numbers, including use of US algorithms
• Order of operations
• Addition and subtraction of mixed numbers and fractions
• Decimals, place value and the base-10 number system
• Comparison, addition, and subtraction of decimals
• Multiplication and division of fractions and decimals
• Data: analyzing arithmetic patterns and rules using graphs and tables
• 2-D geometry: Classifying triangles and quadrilaterals, measurement and patterns of change
• 3-D geometry: structure and volume using standard units of measure
• Algebraic thinking: analyzing graphs, tables, and equations, the understanding of variables, and their relationships

Science
Expand Content
Course Description

Trinity’s science program creates scientific thinkers who eagerly investigate, research, explore and record information about the world around them. Our hands-on, inquiry-based approach to learning weaves and spirals scientific content in various disciplines and grade levels allowing students to utilize the scientific method to experiment, construct, dissect and create models to prove their hypotheses.

Throughout their nine years at Trinity Episcopal School, students are introduced to such sciences as earth science, physical science, life science, astronomy, physics, chemistry, microbiology, genetics, physiology and the study of our urban environment.

Expand Content
Features & Outcomes

Features:

• Introduction to the scientific method which requires students to form a hypothesis to prove or disprove
• Reinforcement of the scientific method through research, documentation and communication
• Utilization of scientific tools
• Two fully equipped K-8 science labs
• Hands-on learning approach to reinforce scientific principles and inquiry
• Experience with the outdoor classroom (vegetable garden, hummingbird/butterfly garden, marshland, etc.) to discover the uniqueness in these habitats
• Units of study that include chemistry, physics, astronomy, and geology

Outcomes:

• Greater understanding of our environment and the role of science in everyday life
• Measurement and calculation abilities
• Enhanced critical thinking skills
• Confidence in natural curiosity and ability to investigate and analyze data to prove/ disprove hypothesis
• Ability to observe, write and design as they interact with their environment
• Development of ethics and empathy for others

 

Expand Content
Kindergarten

• Seeds; collecting a variety of seeds, planting our fall garden
• Relationship of plants/animals
• Plants as food; what parts of plants do we eat
• Roots, seeds, leaves -- fall harvest of vegetables
• Birds/Christmas trees for the birds
• Five senses -- concluding with a trip to the Bechtler
• Living/non-living things
• Rocks and minerals
• Oviparous creatures, hatching chicks from eggs
• Mammals

Expand Content
Gr. 1

• 4 Seasons (Solstices)
• Apples & Pumpkin Life Cycles
• Night and Day (How the Sun Makes Our Day by Project Clarion Science Unit for Primary Grades)
• Animals in Winter
• The Scientific Method in Fairy Tale Forest (by Laura Magner)
• Balance, Weight, and Motion
• EiE: To Get to the Other Side: Designing Bridges (Balance, Forces, and Civil Engineering for Elementary Students)
• Gardening: Planting Herbs
• Honey Bees

Expand Content
Gr. 2

• Composition and Elements of Soil; Decomposition
• Plants and Roots
• Rainforest Ecosystem
• 8th Street Garden
• Introduction to Habitats
• Understanding the Coral Reef Habitat & Challenges
• Matter (Solids,Liquids, Gases)

Expand Content
Gr. 3
• Scientific Wheel of Observation • Monarch Butterflies • Butterfly Garden • Weather • EiE: Catching the Wind: Designing Windmills • Geology: History of the Earth • Earthquake Resistant Building STEM project • Electricity • EiE: An Alarming Idea: Designing Alarm Circuits
Expand Content
Gr. 4
• Engineer Design process and Scientific Method • Chemistry • Human Body • Rocks & Minerals
Expand Content
Gr. 5

• Engineering Design Process
• Physics of Force and Motion
• Gardening
• Physics of Flight
• Astronomy

Social Studies
Expand Content
Course Description

In kindergarten through fifth grade, students explore civics, economics, geography and history through problem-based learning units and inquiry work. Many of these units are known as Storypaths, units in which students take on roles as characters in a story and become stakeholders in a critical situation--perhaps scientists studying an oil spill in an ocean, knights protecting a medieval castle under siege, or members of the Boston Tea Party struggling for independence during the American Revolution. This approach capitalizes on the principle that, through problem solving and constructing their own knowledge and understanding of the world, as well as having a real "stake" in the problem, students engage in more meaningful and memorable learning.

Social studies work at Trinity is often integrated with students' reading and writing, and always keeps at its core the development of deep and enduring understandings, concepts, and skills as preparation for democratic decision-making.

Expand Content
Features & Outcomes

Features:

• Exposure to each of the 10 strands of social studies as defined by the National Council for the Social Studies (culture; time, continuity, and change; people, places and environments; individual development and identity; individuals, groups, and institutions; power, authority, and governance; production, distribution, and consumption; science, technology, and society; global connections; civic ideals and practices)
• exploration of critical incidents; combining recent learning with background knowledge to resolve scenarios
• practice in problem-based learning
• opportunity for student voice and choice in research topic and learning projects

Outcomes

• competency and ability to read, write and communicate about real places, historical events, people, groups, institutions and global issues
• confidence in complex problems solving that welcomes multiple approaches
• enhanced public speaking and presentation skills from sharing their learning with large and small group audiences
• development of ethics and empathy for others

Expand Content
Kindergarten

• Wampanoag Indians
• Solving Problems in The Park: Developing Young Citizens

Expand Content
Gr. 1

• Families, Neighborhoods, Community
• The Parade: Celebrating Cultural Traditions
• Safari in Kenya: The Land and the People

Expand Content
Gr. 2

• Communities, Citizen Influence, Leaders and Elections
• Amazon Rainforest & Deforestation
• How Do People Use Our Environment?
• Understanding Maps & Geography
• Communities Change, Good Citizens, Landmarks of Citizenship
• Protecting the Ecosystem: The Great Barrier Reef

Expand Content
Gr. 3

• The Castle: Life in Medieval Times
• Geography: The Travel Agency
• Charlotte History

Expand Content
Gr. 4

• Geography
• European Exploration and Indigenous Americans
• Colonial America and the American Revolution
• Establishment of Government
• North Carolina Study

Expand Content
Gr. 5

• Bill of Rights
• The United States
• Westward Expansion
• Events that divide a nation through 1850
• The American Civil War
• Junior Achievement "Biztown"

Word Study
Expand Content
Course Description

Word study at Trinity encompasses the specific and intentional instruction around phonics, spelling, vocabulary, grammar, and writing mechanics.  Some of this work happens naturally within the context of reading and writing workshops, but additional stand-alone time is devoted to both whole-class instruction and differentiated small-group or one-on-one work led by both teachers in a classroom.  

The Teachers College Reading and Writing Project, Words Their Way, and Michael Clay Thompson's Grammar series inform much of the phonics, word study, and grammar work in the Lower School.

Expand Content
Features & Outcomes

Features:

• Grammar, word study, vocabulary investigations and spelling instruction and practice
• Small group and individual need-based instruction
• Focus on application to authentic writing

Outcomes

• Competence with phonics and print sound code
• Competence in language structure/grammar, word choice, spelling, syntax, punctuation and capitalization in all genres of writing (narrative, informative, persuasive, poetry)

Expand Content
Gr. K-1

• Units of Study in Phonics (from Teachers College Reading Writing Project) for spelling

• Grammar exposure to nouns, verbs, adjectives

• Types of sentences, capital letters and end punctuation, with exposure to commas and apostrophes

Expand Content
Gr. 2-3

Grades 2-3

• Words Their Way (Bear, Invernizzi, et al) for spelling

• Grammar emphasis on nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs

• Simple sentence structure, use of commas, apostrophes, quotation marks

Expand Content
Gr. 4-5

• Words Their Way, and in 5th grade, Caesar's English, for spelling and vocabulary development

• Grammar emphasis on all parts of speech and parts of sentence, with exposure to phrases and clauses

• Complex sentence structure, use of commas, apostrophes, quotation marks, with exposure to colons, semicolons, dashes, hyphens

Assessment at Trinity
Expand Content
Assessment

An important component of any school is the opportunity for teachers to give feedback and to assess the work of students. The word “assessment” derives from the Latin word assidere meaning “to sit beside” and conjures an image of what effective assessment looks like – a teacher sitting alongside a student to discuss his or her work, review progress and suggest next steps. Ultimately, teachers judge and give value to the student’s work as it relates to a certain standard. This is the evaluation portion of the system. As complementary processes, assessment and evaluation allow students to practice, refine, reflect on and demonstrate what they know and can do. We consider assessment critical to instructional decisions made in response to a child’s understanding of the work. In addition to feedback related to the academic program, students are also evaluated on their progress with the Scholarly and Community Habits of our School.

At Trinity we utilize a trimester calendar with interim reports going home at the mid-point and end-of-trimester reports at the end of each trimester which translates to formal evaluative reports six times a year. Our first conference of the year occurs at the first trimester interim point and allows parents and teachers to review academic and social progress and goals. Students in every grade level conduct student-led conferences at the end of the second trimester. During these sessions students present to their parents a portfolio of work highlighting their strengths and challenges along with goals for the next term. Additional time is set aside for you to confer with teachers about the progress and goals of your child. Additional time is set aside for parents and teachers to review the trimester reports and address questions.

Enrichments

Faith Studies
Expand Content
Course Description

Faith Studies classes, an integral part of Trinity’s overall curriculum, ask our students to be reflective servants, thoughtful stewards, and critical thinkers.

All Lower School Faith Studies classes hear and discuss the stories of the Bible and students make connections to their own stories, as well as stories from other faith traditions. This complements and reflects our belief that all of life has a spiritual dimension. During Faith Studies there is also time for connections and reflections to service learning, as well as discussions of embracing diversity in our community and world.

Faith Studies Essential Questions:

1. What are the stories of our faith?  
2.  How do we integrate faith stories with our own stories?  
3. Who are our neighbors and what are we called to do?     
4. How do we process mystery and ambiguity?

Expand Content
Features & Outcomes

Features

• Grade-level chapels developmentally geared toward the specific group and are chaplain and student-led to allow time for prayer, song and worship.  Chapels follow the cherished rituals of the Episcopal Church including its tradition of reason, openness and acceptance
• Biblical stories from both the Hebrew and Greek scriptures
• Songs of faith
• Opportunities to make connections with other world religions
• Exploration of theological concepts
• Time for students to apply their understanding and experience of God to their own lives

Outcomes

• Knowledge of “the stories of God” as revealed by the scriptures
• Connection of biblical lessons to students’ own stories
• Thoughtful reflection on what it means to be a child of God

Expand Content
Units of Study

Grades K-2: Godly Play Stories

Children will hear and wonder about stories of our faith through Godly Play lessons and materials. Kindergarten students begin with stories of the Old Testament and Torah including Creation, Abraham, and Moses. Students will also hear stories of King David and Solomon, as well as stories of the prophets and Exile. Children will also hear and respond to the stories of Jesus. Stories that share a common theme from other faith traditions will also be shared. Seasons of the Christian Church year as well as holidays of other faith traditions will be lifted up during classes as well. Students will also have time to share and respond to the stories using the Godly Play materials independently during Faith Studies.
 

Grades 3-4: Exploring the Bible: Old and New Testament Stories

Third grade students begin with a review of the Old Testament, as they open up the Hebrew Scriptures and explore the biblical text. Students become comfortable with the text and enter into a conversation with the stories, especially focusing on the Kings and the Prophets. Third grade students also study the life of Jesus and make connections between the Old and New Testament stories. Students in fourth grade focus on the gospels of Jesus as they read and reflect on the stories of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Stories and holidays from other faith traditions are also shared and lifted up. Students keep a Faith Studies journal in 3rd and 4th grade where they are able to reflect on the text and make connections to their own stories.
 

Fifth Grade: World Religions

The goal of the class is for students to come to understand and appreciate religious expressions across faith traditions around the world. Students in fifth grade study the following World Religions respectively: Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Students study these world religions as they connect to the faith traditions of our service learning partners. We also examine the seasons of the Christian church year and make connections with the holy days and seasons of these other faiths.

Spanish
Expand Content
Course Description

All students are introduced to Spanish as an enrichment class in grades K-5, with an emphasis on language and culture via the Descubre el espanol curriculum. Students learn Spanish through the five Cs from the National World Language

Standards: Communication, Cultures, Connections, Comparisons, and Communities. They explore not only the language, but the culture of 20 Spanish-speaking countries. The focus is on developing listening, comprehension, and beginning conversational skills through sounds, poems, songs, stories, total physical response, music, art, and games. For heritage speakers the program also provides the Anthologia which includes leveled literary and informational texts that develop reading comprehension, vocabulary, spelling and writing activities. Students in grades 4-5 access this program at school and at home using student books and an eLearning center.

Expand Content
Features & Outcomes

Features:

• Exposure to another language and culture and comparison to the student’s own language and culture
• Oral language development with a focus on listening, speaking and conversational skills
• Introduction/incorporation of reading and writing skills as extensions of oral language skills
• Communication through basic words and expressions within a context

Outcomes:

• Oral, written and aural language acquisition
• Awareness and understanding of cultures outside the student’s own
• Deeper understanding of the structure and meaning of student’s native language
• Knowledge of the formal grammar, sentence structure and vocabulary of the target language

Performing Arts & Music Education
Expand Content
Course Description

Trinity’s performing arts program reflects our commitment to a well-rounded liberal arts education with a focus on each student’s creative expression. All students take general music which emphasizes creativity, music appreciation, musical literacy and performance preparation. Each grade-level features a dramatic performance from Fairy Tale Plays in first grade to Shakespeare in fifth grade.

Beginning in fourth grade, students may choose from one of three ensembles: chorus, strings or band. The music program provides many opportunities for individual growth and fosters every child’s innate love of music. Ensembles perform at chapels, commencement and various venues outside of school.

Expand Content
Features & Outcomes

Features:

• Access to a comprehensive, balanced and sequential program of music study
• Weekly music classes allowing students to focus on both instrumental and choral music
• Individual and group performing arts opportunities through weekly chapels, school and community events
• Opportunity to explore music composition
• Professional music and theatre experiences
• Annual school-wide arts festival

Outcomes:

• Ability to read music through the use of rhythms and melodies
• Competency to bridge musical thought through multicultural music and culture
• Greater self-awareness and confidence with public performance
• Identification and recognition of form, harmony, expression and history in music
• Confidence and competence in critically reviewing performing arts

Visual Arts
Expand Content
Course Description

Trinity’s art curriculum follows the pedagogy of Teaching Artistic Behaviors (TAB), a methodology that is student-focused, choice-based, and teacher-facilitated. The learning environment is designed to provide centers or mini art studios complete with instructional information, menus, resources, materials and tools. Students move independently between centers, utilizing materials, tools and resources as needed in their art making, such as painting, clay or printmaking.

Centers are arranged to provide students with independent learning opportunities. We value the process of art as children as well as students as artists. It is the responsibility of the art teacher to guide students through the art curriculum in an engaging and thought-provoking way.

Edmund Feldman states, “...art is a universally human act,” so its importance is held in high regard. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the art room at Trinity Episcopal School where students are given the opportunity to learn while engaged in the process of creating something new. Although the product is usually fantastic the process-based learning is where the beauty is!

Expand Content
Features & Outcomes

Features:

• Weekly studio art classes where students explore a wide variety of media from clay to wire to pastels, all presented in “mini art studios” throughout the space
• Open art studio where students can use materials and resources to work on classroom projects
• Intentional integration with core subject learning
• Safe and encouraging environment for students to problem solve while exploring their creativity, artistic voice and individual expression
• Exploration of technology, how it is used and how it has impacted visual art
• Visual arts elective choices allow students to explore specific artistic passions such as photography, painting, architecture, etc.
• Annual school-wide arts festival

Outcomes:

• Awareness of different materials and processes to communicate different ideas
• Understanding of the basic elements of art and how they contribute to each work of art
• Readiness to dig deeper and elaborate on particular themes and current issues
• Ability to use art as an historic and cultural indicator
• Understanding that art is not created in a vacuum and work its way into other subjects
• Ability to “think” in a visual manner and to reflect on their work and the work of others

Healthful Living: Physical Education & Wellness
Expand Content
Course Description

We believe all students should have the opportunity to discover and enjoy lifelong activities and sports. The connection between healthy body, mind and soul is ever-present in the weekly programs which include cooperative games, skill development, sportsmanship and making healthy decisions. In the last trimester of fifth grade, students split into gender-based small groups for the RISE program to develop personal leadership skills that build confidence for the transition to Middle School.

Wellness classes teach subjects regarding how to keep our minds and bodies healthy and safe. This includes topics around emotional regulation, conflict resolution, self-esteem, nutrition, and personal boundaries.

Expand Content
Features & Outcomes

Features:

• Assessment and skill development through tri-annual fitness tests
• Twice-weekly physical education classes, with separate wellness (lower school) classes led by the School Counselor.
• Introductory training sessions during physical education class highlighting five biomechanical skills (agility, speed, power, endurance, flexibility) necessary for athletic performance
• 10-week RISE program designed to support the fifth-grade transition into Middle School, with a focus on physical and social-emotional changes; culminating with an overnight camping trip
• Extensive warm-up sessions prior to all physical education classes, emphasizing dynamic stretching, full range of motion and proper progression (general to specific)

Outcomes:

• Understanding of the impact of proper nutrition and developing healthy eating habits
• Development of proper biomechanics in all areas of fitness and improvement of motor skills
• Appreciation of the human body and understanding of body functions and care
• Character building through cooperative game play, self-awareness and problem solving
• Preparation and bolstering of skills necessary for athletics, both recreational and competitive

Expand Content
Units of Study

K-2:

• Mental and Emotional Health: this unit includes lessons related to empathy, self-esteem, understanding how to identify and respond to feelings.

• Personal Health: this unit features lessons related to hygiene, personal space, and boundaries

• Interpersonal Communication and Relationships: the lessons for this unit feature skills and strategies when dealing with issues such as bullying, friendship conflict, gossip, and being a good friend

• Nutrition and Physical Activity: these lessons are focused on keeping our bodies healthy

• Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs:  appropriate use of household products and medicine is the focus of this unit.

3-5:

• Mental and Emotional Health: this unit includes lessons related to identifying and responding to feelings, empathy, self-esteem and a general understanding of mental health

• Personal Health: the lessons from this unit focus on disease prevention and personal space and boundaries

• Interpersonal Communication and Relationships: skills and strategies related to issues of bullying, friendship conflict, diversity, and understanding different perspectives are the focus of this unit

• Nutrition and Physical Activity: this unit features  lessons related to understanding how to keep our bodies healthy regarding nutrition and physical activity

• Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs: this unit lessons related to rules for taking medicine at home and at school